Malaysia is called the East Asian miracle, and one of the tigers The seven Asian countries, where Malaysia witnessed tremendous economic growth under the government of former Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad, as it transformed from an agricultural country into a great industrial powerhouse and focused on developing education.
Malaysia is the only Islamic country that manufactures and exports heavy industries such as the automobile and electronic industries.
Malaysia is also considered one of the major tourist countries in Asia, as its picturesque nature and modern facilities attract millions of tourists annually from all over the world.
- Malaysia, like other Arab and Islamic countries, fell under British colonialism, and it became independent in 1957 AD and did not have a presence as an independent state until 1963 AD, when Malaysia launched after that and the starting point was the development of education, and the Malaysian educational policy was affected by the British and Japanese experience in education, but Malaysia took the beneficial benefit For other peoples in a way that does not conflict with their Islamic identity and culture
- The impact of the population factor in directing the educational policy towards the development of the individual, because a country like Malaysia with a population of 32 million made it direct its investment in the first place towards human wealth, and the ethnic diversity in Malaysia also had its role in enriching the educational curriculum and the diversity of experiences and cultures.
- rely The Malaysian Economy In the past on agriculture, which made it a low-income country, and in order to achieve Malaysia's goals of change, it was necessary to employ education in the processes of economic mobility under the slogan (Cultivate a strong education and reap a strong economy). This resulted in a focus on technical and vocational education at all school levels, in addition to coordination with institutions The private sector to participate in preparing professional programs for schools.
- The philosophy of education in Malaysia was based on Islamic philosophy with the benefit of other philosophies, especially the pragmatic philosophy. Prime Minister Dr. (Mahathir Muhammad) had his role in the renaissance of modern Malaysia and also had a great influence on the Malaysian educational policy.
Preparing a comprehensive plan for the advancement of education and determining its extent by 2020, to make Malaysia one of the developed countries in the education sector, and the most important practical measures in this field were:
1- Sending half a million Malaysian students to Western universities with the aim of transferring the civilization of the developed world to Malaysian society.
2- The adoption of compulsory education and the punishment of parents who do not send their children to school, which led to a decrease in the illiteracy rate from 11 TP1T-47% currently.
3- Taking care of outstanding teachers by providing incentives and prizes, and creating special schools for outstanding students.
4- Development of educational institutions, in terms of quantity and quality, and the creation of the smart school project.
5- Directing education to the real needs of the state, so that university majors are in harmony with the requirements of the labor market
The aims of education in Malaysia
Education in Malaysia aims to prepare an active citizen, who is productive in a more dynamic way, and is able to meet the challenges of the times.
Preparing the individual in a comprehensive and balanced manner, mentally, spiritually, emotionally and physically.
Preparing the individual to take responsibility for national development and achieving prosperity for the family, society and the nation as a whole.